The road network covers 90,000km where 14,000km are surfaced, 56,000 are all weather roads, and the rest are earth roads with the public sector as the key player. Rehabilitation and maintenance of major trunk roads is underway, spear headed by the infrastructure cluster. The introduction of toll gates in August 2009 has facilitated the mobilization of resources for the rehabilitation and maintenance of the road networks. 

Challenges and Constraints  

  1. Most roads need maintenance 
  1. Destruction of roads by overloaded heavy goods vehicles 
  1. Skills flight  
  1. Long projects roll out lead times 
  1. Lack of integrated approach in transport policy formulation; 
  1. High rates of road accidents 
  1. Inadequete funding for projects 
  1. Theft and vandalism of equipment 



The rail network in ZImbabwe covers 3,077kn. The performance of the National Railways of Zimbabwe has declined over the past two decades due to inadequate locomotive power and rolling stock capacity constraints resulting from a lack of funding. 


Challenges and Constraints 

  1. Lack of maintenance and rehabilitation for the rail track infrastructure, signalling and telecommunications systems 
  1. Skills flight 
  1. Obsolete equipment and locomotives, coaches and wagons 
  1. Ineffective safety programmes 
  1. Absence of a regulator and  
  1. The theft and vandalism of rail equipment, 



Airport runways need rehabilitation. There is need for a strategic partner for the recapitalisation, rehabilitation and efficient management of the national airline, Air Zimbabwe, to achieve global competitiveness. 

The sector is characterized by a number of challenges including  

  1. Skills flight  
  1. Lack of Maintenance and rehabilitation 
  1. Of airport infrastructure 
  1. Lack of state-of-the-art terminals obsolete equipment and facilities 
  1. Inadequate capital to replace aging fleet. 
  1. Debt overhang leading to limited lines of credit 


Key Transportation Policy Documents 



Water and Sanitation 

Water capacity utilization is about 63% of installed capacity. In drought prone, boreholes were drilled and equipped to alleviate water shortages. Agriculture utilizes about 81% national available capacity, followed by urban and industrial sector utilizing 15%, conservation 2% and mining 2%. 

Erratic water supply has let to decreased industrial production and breakouts of water borne diseases exacerbated by overstretched sewer systems. 


Challenges and Constraints 

  1. Aging infrastructure including conveyance systems pumps burst water pipes  
  1. Inadequate water treatment chemicals 
  1. Lack of long-term planning regarding urban expansion and resettlement schemes 
  1. Legislative constraints 
  1. Lack of funding  
  1. Skills flight; and  
  1. Billing and collection challenges 


The following routes will be concessioned and all rehabilitation works will be done through PPP funding. Private players will operate their rolling stock.

  1. Harare-Machipanda [Forbes border post (Zimbabwe/Mozambique)]
  2. Dabuka to Chicaulacuala [Sango border post (Zimbabwe/Mozambique)]
  3. Harare-Dabuka- Beitbridge
  4. Vic. Falls – Bulawayo – Dabuka – Harare


Vast opportunities await you in the Construction of toll gates, Installation of computerised accounting system for accountability and effective monitoring of funds and these roads are waiting to be rehabilitated.

  1. Buchwa – Rutenga – Boli – Sango Border Post (203km)
  2. Mt Darwin – Mukumbura (80km)
  3. Bindura – Shamva (7km)
  4. Wedza – Sadza (22km)
  5. Kwekwe – Lupane (40km)
  6. Murambinda – Birchenough Bridge (123km)
  7. Gutu-Kurai (22km)
  8. Headlands – Mayo (40km)
  9. Mvurwi – Kanyemba (150km)